As a result, the population centers continue to be in the coastal areas. The runner up is the Great Sandy desert in Western Australia at 267,250 square kilometres. The southeast, however, does have fertile plains. From north to south the country is 3,200 kilometers long, with a tropical climate in the north and a temperate climate in the south. The Largest Rock on the Planet is in Australia. Most of the interior of the continent is arid to semi-desert because of low rainfall. It also has the greatest number of reptile species in the world as well as some of the most venomous snakes and other dangerous creatures like the crocodile. Our editorial is always independent ( learn more ) No Ayers Rock or … It is also known as the Eastern Highlands. The Murray-Darling catchment also contains Australia’s longest continuous river system. Australia is considered a developed nation, and it has the world's 12th-largest economy and sixth-highest per-capita income. GeoGuessr is a geography game which takes you on a journey around the world and challenges your ability to recognize your surroundings. The northern half of Australia is situated in the tropical zone and the southern half is situated in the … As such, 92% of its vascular plants, 87% of its mammals, 93% of its reptiles, 94% of its frogs, and 45% of its birds are endemic to Australia. It has an executive branch with Queen Elizabeth II as the Chief of State as well as a separate prime minister as head of government. Coming up are 50 world geography quiz questions and answers. Agriculture also plays a role in the country's economy, and its main products include wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits, cattle, sheep, and poultry. ... From the most desolate roads in Australia to the busy, bustling streets of New York City. In reality, it is a place so large and unique that the outsider view does not begin to describe its physical diversity. The southeast, however, does have fertile plains. 50,188,934. Fraser Island off the Queensland coast is Australia’s fifth largest island but the World’s largest sand island. Australia is comparable in size to the continental United States. In 1911, Australia's Northern Territory became a part of the Commonwealth (prior control was by South Australia.). The outcomes of this review are available in this Information Paper. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. with an average elevation of only 330 metres. It is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Southern hemisphere. Australia is the smallest continent (and the largest island) in the world, and terrain ranges from baking red desert to lush green rainforest, and from world-renowned surfing beaches to snow-clad mountains. The Australian mainland is in fact the world’s largest island and is often referred to as an island continent. The coastal areas and islands receive more rain and are much better suited to settlement. Australia is in fact the lowest continent in the world in terms of its elevation. Many international travelers visiting Australia underestimate the distances between cities and travel times. The legislative branch is a bicameral Federal Parliament consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Australia's Geographic Features The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. The main industries in Australia are mining (such as coal and natural gas), industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, and steel manufacturing. Australia has a strong economy due to its extensive natural resources, well-developed industry, and tourism. What can be seen above the surface of the surrounding plains today is merely the eroded remains of what was a much larger mass of sandstone that was thrust upward and tipped over by geological upheaval 300 -400 million years ago. It is slightly smaller than the US mainland. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. Australian Geographic acknowledges the First Nations people of Australia as traditional custodians, and pay our respects to Elders past and present, and their stories and … Geography Facts That Will Blow Your Mind. Play. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west. Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. They were: In 1901, Australia became a nation but remained a member of the British Commonwealth. You can opt-out at any time. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. ancient and it has some of the oldest geological features in the world. At that time, it is believed that people from Indonesia developed boats that were able to carry them across the Timor Sea, which was lower in sea level at the time. A Tour of Hidden Australia 10 questions. Australia is one of the largest countries on Earth, and the only … Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km. It rises 345 metres in height and is estimated to have been laid down around 500 million years ago in an inland sea. Our most famous rock of course is Uluru in the Northern Territory. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. It is a little-known fact that the highest point on Australian territory is in the Australian Antarctic Territory. Which other pieces of geography trivia about Australia do you know? Most of the first settlers in Australia were convicts who had been transported there from England. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. It shares no land borders with any other country. Australia's climate is mostly arid to semiarid, but the south and east are temperate and the north is tropical. Kosciuszko is located in the Snowy Mountains region in New South Wales. Other island countries nearby Australia include East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, and … You can use these Australia worksheets in schools or at home and they are colourful and well designed. The Geography of Australia Borders: Australia is an island and a continent. Geography, Climate, and Biodiversity Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. Alpine forests, tropical rainforests, and a wide variety of plants and animals thrive there because of its geographic isolation from the rest of the world. Australia Map - Physical Map of Australia Zoom Map Description: The Physical Map of Australia showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. The lengths of the 10 longest rivers in Australia were re-calculated in September 2008 by Geoscience Australia using data from the National Topographic Database. Another surpassing Mount Koscuiszko is Mawson’s Peak on Heard Island, which is 2745 metres high and forms the summit of an active volcano called Big Ben. Topping the list is Mt McClintock in the eastern sector of the Territory at 3490 metres with Mt Menzies in the western sector a close second at 3355 metres, both considerably higher than Mount Koscuiszko. The highest points on the other continents are all more than twice the height of Australia’s highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko. Properly called the Commonwealth of Australia, its territory consists of the entire continent and smaller outlying islands. In 1868 the movement of prisoners to Australia ended, but shortly before that, in 1851, gold had been discovered there, which significantly increased its population and helped grow its economy. The runner up for Australia’s longest river is the Murrumbidgee River in New South Wales at 1,485 kilometres. Find out just how much you know with this geography quiz. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. There’s a fun picture round too, to divide the geography … The country's judicial system is based on English common law and is composed of the High Court as well as lower-level federal, state, and territorial courts. On February 7, he issued a proclamation that established the colony of New South Wales. The calculations confirmed that Australia’s longest single river is the River Murray at 2,375 kilometres. Australia is also surrounded by thousands of smaller islands ranging is size from rocky outcrops to some more than twice the size of the Australian Capital Territory. You may already know that the Australian continent includes the Australian mainland and nearby islands, but how well-versed are you in some of the finer details of its geography? These worksheets on Australia are focused on the Geography of Australia and they are free to download, print off and use today. Australia is a continent and an island located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Australia, an island continent, is the smallest of the continents, with a land mass of about 8.5 million square kilometers. Statistical Geography allows users to understand, compare and analyse statistical data for informed decision making about all sorts of places from Cities and Suburbs to Regional Areas or Local Government Areas. Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere, south of Asia, near Indonesia, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea. On October 9, 1942, Australia and Great Britain ratified the Statute of Westminster, which began to formally establish the country's independence. Geoscience Australia is the government's technical adviser on all aspects of geoscience, and custodian of the geographical and geological data and knowledge of the … Australia also has a number of large islands in the Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans and the Coral and Timor Seas as part of its External Territories as well as several closer to the mainland which are larger than 1000 square kilometres.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'australias_guide-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); Despite the popular references to Australia at the bottom of the world in the Southern Hemisphere. The name “Oceania” justly establishes the Pacific Ocean as the defining characteristic of the continent. Australia, now officially called the Commonwealth of Australia, is a federal parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm. The name “Oceania” justly establishes the Pacific Ocean as the defining characteristic of the region. It is also the lowest, the flattest and (apart from Antarctica) the driest. 117,410. Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. Australia: geography and landscape. Apart from Antarctica, Australia is the driest continent in the world. It is four times the size of Indonesia and Mexico. Europeans did not discover Australia until 1770 when Captain James Cook mapped the island's east coast and claimed the land for Great Britain. The larges of these is Melville Island in the Northern Territory with an area of 5,786 square kms. Test your knowledge of the "land down under" with this Australian geography quiz. The Great Dividing Range is a significant geographical feature of Australia. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. This drainage basin comprises the major part of the interior lowlands of Australia, covering more than one million square kilometres, or about 14 per cent of Australia. The largest Australian desert is the Great Victoria desert at 348,750 square kilometres, spanning Western and South Australia. 35 Geography questions and answers for your home pub quiz We may earn commission from links on this page. It is made up of more than 3,000 individual reef systems and coral bays and supports more than 1,500 species of fish, 400 species of hard coral, "one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals," including endangered species, according to the World Wildlife Fund. The total desert area equates to 18 per cent of the total mainland area of Australia. The first sight of Sydney, whether from the sea or the air, is always spectacular. Many international travelers visiting Australia underestimate the distances between cities and travel times. The first of these is Australia. An Overview of the History and Geography of New Zealand, Geography and History of the Island Nation of Samoa, History and Geography of the Florida Keys, Geography of the Territories of the United States, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Average, 10 Qns, EnglishJedi, Feb 28 17. Instead, Australia's current physical landscape features were formed mainly by erosion. For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Australia: Physical Features - Map Quiz Game: To outsiders, Australia consists of a few cities, something called the Outback, and not much else. It is separated because of its location in the middle of the Indo-Australian Plate and the fact that, due to its location, there was no mountain building during its development. The Australia Geography Printables include the following worksheets: an Australian mapping sheet {map rivers, countries, mountains, and other geographical information} an Australian country factsheet to write down information about Australia including when it became a country, current population, climate, type of government, and more. In its waters, around 89% of Australia's fish species both inland and offshore are restricted only to the country. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Located in the Australian Outback, the rock stands more than 2,300 feet tall and can be seen from nearly 100 miles. In 1911, Australia's Capital Territory (where Canberra is located today) was formally established, and in 1927, the seat of government was transferred from Melbourne to Canberra. You can use these to host your very own virtual pub quiz on Zoom or Houseparty with your friends, or simply play along at home right now as you scroll down the page. Why Australia is banning climbers from this iconic natural landmark Despite its name, Mount Augustus is not a mountain, but one very large rock. Australia also has two major mainland territories— the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (which contains Australia’s capital city of Canberra). Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne. Australia is a country in the Southern hemisphere and belongs to Oceania. Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent of the seven continents and many consider it as the largest island in the world, however, Greenland is the biggest island country. In addition, endangered coral reefs are common on Australia's coast—the most famous of these is the Great Barrier Reef. Australia is ancient and it has some of the oldest geological features in the world. The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. Australia is most famous for its marsupial species, which include the kangaroo, koala, and wombat. Their assistance is gratefully acknowledged. It is an island nation that comprises the Australian continent as well as the island of Tasmania and some other small islands. The iconic image of Uluru that is so familiar in travel brochures and magazines belies the surprising shape of the rock when viewed from space. About 35 per cent of the continent receives so little rain, it can be classified as desert. The ABS has recently undertaken a review of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). Copyright © 2020Australias Guide Pty Ltd. Formerly named Ayers Rock, it covers an area of more than 3 square kilometers and nearly 10km’s around the base. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system and it stretches over an area of 133,000 square miles (344,400 square kilometers.). The highest point on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko, New South Wales, at 2228 metres above sea level. On January 26, 1788, colonization of Australia began when Captain Arthur Phillip landed in Port Jackson, which later became Sydney. Australia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO), and Pacific Islands Forum.The UN is an international organization that was founded in 1945 after WWII by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. It shares its name with the country that claims control over it. Australia Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. This document includes some material prepared by Australian government department Geoscience Australia, associated organisations and/or other authorities. It is known for a high life expectancy, its education, quality of life, biodiversity, and tourism. Although most of Australia is arid desert, it supports a wide range of habitats, thus making it incredibly biodiverse. The highest peak on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko which is 2228 metres above sea level. Geographical and climatic features Australia is the smallest of the world's continents. Due to its isolation from the rest of the world, Australia was an uninhabited island until about 60,000 years ago. The River Murray and its tributary, the Darling River, are the main rivers in the Murray-Darling River Basin. Create account to play. It includes a number of hills, mountains and plateaux. 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